Everyone Needs to Stop Saying “Fuckboy”

Recently the term “fuckboy” has been thrown around a lot on the internet, especially by young girls. To them, the word basically means a man who is disrespectful to women, who aren’t interested in a real relationship and who only want sex. It is basically a negative word for a “lad”. According to this Tumblr post that’s been circling around online lately, a fuckboy is;

  • …a guy who tried to text a you even when he already has a girl…
  • …a guy who continues to hit on you even when you’ve said no…
  • …a guy who will disrespect you and try and get with you in the same breath…

It has become a very common phrase that everyone seems to use now, which is really sad to see. While it is important to call people out if they are being disrespectful to women, or being disrespectful to anyone, if you use the term “fuckboy” then you are being much more disrespectful than they are and I will tell you why.

If you say “fuckboy” you probably don’t know what it really means, or at least I hope you don’t. “Fuckboy” is a common term that is used in prisons. It sometimes refers to an inmate who is “gay for pay“, meaning that they trade “sex for food or other favours“.

However, more often than not it refers to a younger, weaker inmate who his passed around and raped by other inmates. Doesn’t seem like such a big joke now, does it? On top of this, these men are also often beaten, strangled and have their throats crushed so that they can’t alert any guards. In the case of Randy Payne, who was considered a “fuckboy”, he was attacked and raped by over twenty men just a week after entering a Texas prison and died a few days later due to his injuries at the age of twenty-three.

I have heard so many so-called ‘feminists’ say this word on a daily basis. Yet if you regularly call men “fuckboys” then you obviously are not someone who supports equal rights for all genders. I understand that most people who use this term don’t know what it actually means. That’s fair enough. However, if you continue to use it after finding out what it actually means then you’ll just come across as a rape-sympathiser.

This is not an uncommon term in prisons. This is not a new term in prisons. It has been around longer than most of these third wave ‘Tumblr feminists’ have been. So there is no excuse for using it.

If you use the term “fuckboy”, you are not an egalitarian. You are not a feminist. You are not standing up for women’s rights. You are simply appropriating rape culture.

Advertisements

Artists to Look Out For at Indiependence 2015

Recently I mentioned in an article in Fusion magazine about how Indiependence is known for showcasing Ireland’s new and upcoming artists before anyone else. Hozier, Kodaline, Hudson Taylor, Walking on Cars and Fight Like Apes have all played at the festival in Cork long before they became as famous and successful as they are today.

Indiependence will take place in Mitchelstown, Co. Cork in just a few weeks during the August bank holiday weekend and this year will be no different from before. There are so many new and upcoming artists playing at the festival this year that anyone going will be spoiled for choice. I’ve decided to just pick five of them and tell you why I think that they will be worth checking out if you’re heading to Cork for the festival.

1. Wyvern Lingo 

Recently it seems that many Irish bands are becoming very successful and well knows before they even release their debut album. Wyvern Lingo are definitely one of these bands. Their debut EP, ‘The Widow Knows‘, was released only last summer and since then they have been going from strength to strength. The EP has been described as, “a veritable cocktail of R’n’B hooks, bluegrass licks, gospel harmonies and insightful-beyond-their-years lyrics“.

The band consists of Karen Cowley who provides the lead vocals and also plays the piano, Saoirse Duane on guitar and Caoimhe Barry on percussion and also provides vocals. The trio from Bray, Co. Wicklow are known for their unique style in regards to both music and style.

Possible one of their biggest achievements to date has been touring the UK and Ireland alongside Hozier last year. Lead singer Karen also appears on Hozier’s debut album as she duets with him on the song ‘In a Week‘. If you didn’t get to see them on tour with Hozier you can see them when they play Indiependence on Saturday, August 1st.

2. Little Hours

Little Hours are yet another one of those Irish bands who have gained considerable success before their debut album. The Donegal duo who formed in March 2014 consists of 20 year old John Doherty and 24 year old Ryan McClosky. They released their self-titled EP last year after playing their first ever gig at Electric Picnic of all places – if your first ever gig is at the biggest music festival in the country, then you know that you’re destined for success.

Since signing with Sony Music in April of this year they have been playing live left, right and centre. Most recently they supported Kodaline at their gig in Kilmainham just a couple of weeks ago. They have also supported the likes of Gavin James, Tom Baxter, Amber Run and James Bay. However, judging by their recent and sudden success, something tells me that they won’t just be supporting artists for much longer.

If you want to see Little Hours live, they will also be playing the Saturday of Indiependence.

3. All Tvvins

You’re really going to be spoiled for choice on Saturday at Indiependence as All Tvvins are also playing the second day of the festival.

This is yet another band that has been met with considerable success since their formation just last year. However, there is a reason for this, both members have previously been front men for other bands. Lar Kay was in the band Adebisi Shank. They formed in 2004 and released three studio albums before breaking up in 2014. Similarly, Conor Adams is the frontman for The Cast of Cheers. They have released two studio albums since forming in 2009 but they never officially broke up, they’re just on hiatus.

While both of their original bands produced indie music, All Tvvins play more 1980’s synthpop inspired music. So far, the band have released two singles – ‘Thank You‘ and ‘Too Young To Live‘. Their new song ‘Know Go‘ is also available for free download from their website.

4. The Young Folk

The Young Folk formed back in 2012 among members Anthony Furey, Paul Butler, Tony McLoughin, Alex Borwick and Patrick Hopkins. The alternative folk band released their first album ‘The Little Battle‘ last year and it was met with rave reviews. With their second album currently being recorded, it will be interesting to see what hey produce next.

These guys are no strangers to festivals as they have previously played at Electric Picnic, Cambridge Folk Festival, MIDEM and SXSW. On top of this, they have also toured the UK, USA and Canada. If you want to see them at this festival, they will be playing on Sunday, August 2nd.

5. Orla Gartland

It’s always disheartening when you see people your own age be so successful. At only 19 years old, this singer songwriter from Dublin has already released two EP’s and has almost 12 million views on Youtube.

Orla first gained popularity after she started posting cover songs on Youtube six years ago when she was only 13 years old.

After that, she released her first EP in 2013 called ‘Roots‘. Straight away it reached the number one spot on the Irish albums chart and it also went to number two in the US singer/songwriter chart. A year later she released her second EP, ‘Lonely People‘, and already she is touring North America with it.

If you want to see Orla Gartland live after her North American tour, she will be playing Indiependence on Sunday, August 2nd.

The Who Hits 50 in Dublin | Review

The Who brought their 50th anniversary tour to the 3Arena in Dublin for the second and possibly last time on June 23rd. They were supported by the New York band, The Last Internationale (whose lead singer is very nice, I might add). The concert was originally scheduled for November 26th, 2014, but it was postponed last minute with no explanation. After the long wait, to say that I was excited when the day finally came would be an understatement.

While watching The Last Internationale, I realised that although it was still only the support act, it seemed to be one of the best crowds I have been a part of in a long time. Then minutes before The Who came on stage, a very tall John Lydon look-a-like stood right in front of me. Despite this, I still saw The Who’s entrance perfectly. Normally musicians like to make a big entrance to their concerts. Lights, intense music, fireworks – the works. That’s what I was expecting from The Who until I saw Roger Daltrey and Pete Townshend stroll on to the stage with a cup of tea and a wave. It was probably the most down to earth thing I have ever witnessed. Along with them came Pete’s brother, Simon Townshend, and Ringo Starr’s son, Zak Starkey, on drums.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Opening with their first ever single ‘I Can’t Explain‘ from 1964, it was clear from the beginning that they sound the exact same live which is always something that I love to hear from a band. Some songs even sounded better live – like ‘Emminence Front‘. Half-way through the concert, they performed their song ‘Water‘, which they haven’t played live since 1971 and Roger sang the first verse and chorus solo.

Of course they played all of their greatest hits such as ‘Won’t Get Fooled Again‘, ‘Who Are You‘, ‘Pinball Wizard‘ and ‘Baba O’Riley‘ but they played then with more energy than I have ever seen from any other musician. Pete Townshend is 70 and Roger Daltrey is 71 but you would never think it judging by the performance they gave. They played 21 songs and performed probably the longest set I have ever seen, putting most young pop artists to shame. I was exhausted just looking at them.

While I knew that they were still very energetic and sounded amazing live, I still didn’t expect Roger to be able to pull of the vocals of ‘Won’t Get Fooled Again‘ as well as he once could. I was so eager to see how it would turn out and the pause before the big “YEAH” heard on CSI Miami around the world seemed longer than ever. When it finally happened, I saw it in slow motion and it felt like the entire arena shook. It’s safe to say that he proved me wrong.

When The Who first started this tour, Roger described it as “the beginning of a long goodbye” but I always thought that the two of them would still stay together as long as they could. With the news coming a few days later that the band would definitely stop touring after this year, I was glad to see them live while I could.

The Meat at Yulin vs. The Meat on Your Plate

“If slaughterhouses had glass walls, everyone would be a vegetarian”.

By now I’m sure you have heard of the Yulin Dog Meat Festival, maybe you’ve even signed the petition. For those of you who haven’t, it is an annual dog meat festival in China that is taking place this weekend for the summer solstice. For this festival, 10,000 dogs and cats are killed and some have been stolen from people’s homes.

I’m the first person to say that I’m against this treatment of dogs and cats as I’m against eating any meat from any animal. However, most people who say that they are against this festival still eat meat and have no problem with eating meat. They claim that Chinese people eating dog meat is completely different from them eating pork or beef. The only difference between them is that the pigs and cows that they eat have not been stolen from someone’s home. While that is horrible, it is not a reason to be completely against the Yulin festival but not against eating any other kind of meat.

While eating dog meat might seem like a really strange custom to Western societies, there are many cultures that think that our cultures eating pork really strange. One netizen said,  “dog-meat eating is a custom belonging to other people, the same way that people of the Islamic Hui ethnic group doesn’t eat pork. They won’t protest us eating pork“. Another one said, “Let’s all protest the Christmas practice of eating Turkey!“.

For people who know very little about the meat industry, the 10,000 dogs and cats that are killed for the Yulin festival may seem like a lot. In reality, it’s not really. In 2003, it was reported that over 56 billion farmed animals are killed every year by humans. That was the minimum number. Now some people estimate it to be around 150 billion every year. As well as this, more than 3,000 animals die every second around the world. So in little over three seconds, the same amount of dogs killed for Yulin will have been killed all over the world to be consumed by regular people like you. These statistic do not even include fish or other seafood. This is because so many of them are killed that their deaths can only be measured in tonnes.

Another argument that people have when they try to say how the meat they eat is different from the festival meat is that the dogs are tortured. They obviously have no idea how their meat is made. There are plenty of videos and documentaries showing how animals are tortured before being killed for their meat but I can’t bring myself to look at them and post them here. Instead, Free From Harm goes through how chickens are tortured and killed for your consumption so I’ll just give you the highlights.

Chickens are forced to spend their entire lives in overcrowded sheds where they will never see light. These sheds are so overcrowded that they are forced to stand on top of each other or on a filthy, manure-laden floor which is cleaned every 2 to 4 years. Many of these chickens suffer from ammonia burn and respiratory diseases from the high amount of ammonia emanating from large accumulations of faeces. These chickens are artificially hatched, fattened up and slaughtered when they are 42 days old. Due to this, at least 12,5 billion chickens experience painful leg problems due to their breeding. Then when they are ‘old enough’, catchers come in the middle of the night, “grabbing terrified chickens by their feet and roughly stuffing them into crates“. Due to this, they suffer from broken legs and wings, lacerations, haemorrhages, dehydration, heat stroke, hypothermia and heart failure. Millions die before reaching the slaughterhouse. So I think that it’s safe to say that they are tortured too.

There are plenty of other issues when it comes to the meat industry that everyone should be much more concerned with. A very simple example of this is chick culling. In an egg-producing facility, about half of newly hatched chicks will be male. Of course, roosters do not lay eggs so they are of no use to the breeders so they are killed shortly after hatching. Due to this, billions of male chicks are ground up alive or “tossed into a bag to suffocate“.

If your reason for still being against the Yulin festival and not your own meat eating is “but they’re dogs” then you’re just being a hypocrite. The fact that dogs and cats are generally domesticated animals is not a good enough reason for being against eating them but not against eating any other animal. While the fact that some of them are taken from people’s houses is horrible, they would still do it no matter how they got the animals. There is no difference between the animals in Yulin or in your house and the animals on your plate.

928450-police-find-pig-and-dog

The Real Feminist Issues

In December of last year, Game of Throne’s Maisie Williams spoke out about Emma Watson and first-world feminism, “I know things aren’t perfect for women in the UK and America but there are women in the rest of the world who have it far worse“.

In recent years, first-world feminism seems to have become a trend among young girls. First-world feminism generally deals with issues faced by Western cisgender white women in North America and Western Europe. It mainly deals with issues such as cat-calling, unequal pay and rape culture. While these issues should be dealt with, there are much more serious and dangerous feminist issues going on elsewhere in the world.


1. The Murders of Trans Women of Colour

The treatment of Trans women of colour is an issue that is present in North America especially yet it is rarely addressed by first-world feminists. While there seems to have been a good amount of progress in the acceptance of trangender people in the last few years, the same unfortunately can’t be said when it comes to transgender women of colour.

Within the first 60 days of this year, eight trans women of colour were murdered with little said in the media about it. Unfortunately,  this isn’t surprising as trans women have a 1 in 12 chance of being murdered while trans women of colour have a 1 in 8 chance of being murdered, according to TSER. Despite these shocking statistics, little to nothing is being said or done about this tragedy. Executive director of the Trans Women of Colour Collective, Lourdes Ashley Hunter, spoke earlier this year about this, “Just last year, 12 trans women of colour were murdered with no response from the black community. When folks scream, “Black Lives Matter”, they’re not talking about black trans women. Most of the time, they’re not even talking about [cis] black women“.

2. Honour Killings

Honour killings seem like an ancient tradition that could never even be considered acceptable in modern society and if I didn’t know any better I would think that that was true. Unfortunately, honour killings are more common in today’s world than you could imagine.

Honour violence is defined as “violence against an individual who has ‘dishonored’ their family“. This individual is more often than not a female relative. The people who commit these honour killings believe that the only way to restore honour to the family is to get rid or punish the source of dishonour so that they are not looked down upon by their community. Some of the reasons for these killings are having sex outside of marriage, adultery, refusing an arranged marriage, dressing in ways that they believe are inappropriate or even being the victim of rape.

These honour killings mainly occur in Middle-Eastern countries such as Iran and Iraq and in South Asian countries such as Pakistan and India. However, they have also happened in the UK, USA, Sweden, Germany, Italy and France.

In many cases, the killer or killers get away with their crime with little to penalty for their actions due to the fact that the victim is thought to have brought dishonour to the family. Many countries where these killings take place have brought in laws to combat these killings yet they are rarely enforced. In some countries like Turkey, the families will sometimes force the woman to commit suicide in order to be technically innocent of murder.

According to the HBVA Network, there is 5,000 honor killings internationally per year in which 1,000 occur in India, 1,000 occur in Pakistan and 12 occur in the UK. However, according to the BBC, women’s advocacy groups “suspect that more than 20,000 women are killed worldwide each year“.

3. Female Genital Mutilation

The World Health Organisation describes female genital mutilation is the, “partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons“. FGM is an internationally recognised violation of human rights that is mainly performed on babies and children before puberty.

The procedure has absolutely no health benefits and it poses many health risks including severe bleeding, cysts, infections, infertility, complications in childbirth and death. Despite the lack of health benefits, 18% of all FGM’s are performed by healthcare providers. There is no form of anaesthetic used and it is often performed using dirty razors.

According to UN estimates, “at least 125 million women and girls have been mutilated in Africa and the Middle East since 1989“. The reason that FGM is so common is because many people believe that it will reduce the woman’s libido and prevent her from having sex outside of marriage when in reality it is really just a form of unnecessary torture.

4. Gendercide

Gendercide is the “gender-selective mass-killing” of young girls. Gendercide is becoming a problem in several different countries but the issue mainly lies in India and China. The UN estimates that there are 200 million girls missing in the world today due to gendercide. This means that, “India and China eliminate more girls than the number of girls born in America every year“. The victims of gerndercide are either killed, aborted or abandoned due to their gender.

There are many reasons why parents in India would prefer having a boy over a girl. One of the main reasons is that when a woman gets married, her parents must pay a dowry to her husband’s family which can add up to several years of income for the family. This is the reason for many Indian proverbs such as “A daughter is a burden on her father’s head“. Some parents’ inability to pay a dowry has also led to many ‘dowry deaths‘ in which the husband kills his wife for not getting a larger dowry.

In China, there is a Birth Control Policy. This means that couples are only allowed to have one child. However, if that child is a girl then they can try again for a boy. If they have any more children than this, the mother will be forced to have an abortion no matter how far into her pregnancy she is. Due to this One-Child Policy, there are 35,000 abortions performed in China each day and there are 1 million infants abandoned each year, most of which are healthy girls.

Due to gendercide, there are now 37 million more men than women in China which has led to an increase in rape, prostitution and kidnapping of young girls. There is also now 70,000 Chinese children trafficked each year. This can only get worse as it is expected by 2020, 30 million men will be unable to find wives.


Of course there are many more important feminist issues going on worldwide. These are only four of them. While I don’t want to say that first-world feminist issues aren’t important, because most of them are, there are still many more important feminist issues that should be put first.

The Problems with Lad Culture

For the few of you out there who are luckily unfamiliar with what lad culture is, it is “a group or “pack” mentality expressed in sport and heavy alcohol consumptions, and in “banter” which is “often sexist, misogynistic and homophobic”. Lad culture, or ‘bro’ culture in the US, is essentially the same as the ‘boys will be boys’ mentality in which anything stupid or harmful that a boy may do is easily dismissed as ‘banter’. It is an excuse for boys to get away with pretty much anything.

Lad culture is something that I thought that I might escape once I finished school but I’m afraid that I was mistaken. If anything it’s gotten worse since I started college. In recent years especially, lad culture has ingrained itself into university society. For example, when male students of Edinburgh University were caught talking about raping members of the feminist society and planning a “raping trip” abroad. Or like when members of the rugby club in Durham University were heard playing a drinking game in which they had to finish the sentence, “it’s not rape if…”.

I have experienced ‘lads’ encouraging rape culture like this numerous times throughout secondary school and college but yet when reported, little to nothing was ever done about it because “boys will be boys”. Some people may think that this is somewhat acceptable because they’re just talking about it and not actually doing anything but 1 in 4 students are “subjected to unwanted sexual advances” while two-thirds have to put up with unwanted sexual comments. So obviously, they’re not just talking about it.

Not only does lad culture appropriate misogyny and rape culture, but it also often racist and xenophobic. Only a few months ago, the hockey team of York University had an entire Twiter account filled with racist and misogynistic tweets such as “I love stabbing black people”; “oi lower race, down it” and “I’m going to Hindu hell aka Al-Qaeda”. Another tweets explained how one student wasn’t allowed to join because he was a “chinkeye”.

So why do so many young people think that this is acceptable behaviour? Any time you log onto Facebook or any social media site, it’s difficult to ignore the constant presence of pages such as the ‘LAD Bible’ or other more well known ‘lads’ such as Julien Blanc and Dapper Laughs.

Julien Blanc is an American ‘pick-up artist’ and uploads Youtube videos teaching men how to lower women’s self-esteem so they can have sex with them. Blanc is the epitome of a misogynistic and racist ‘lad’. He is now banned from the UK, Australia and Singapore and for good reasons. He was banned in 2014 after he uploaded a Youtube video called “White male fucks Asian Women in Tokyo (and the beautiful methods to it” in which he says “if you’re a white male, you can do what you want“. The video also shows him going through the streets of Tokyo, grabbing women and putting their faces in his crotch.

Closer to home, Dapper Laughs is a self-proclaimed lad and comedian. He is mainly known for his Vines which involve cat calling women in the street. One of his jokes is “if she cries, she’s just playing hard to get“. Last November, his now infamous TV show on ITV2 got cancelled after one series. It was cancelled after he told an audience member that she was “gagging for rape” during a live show.

Screen-Shot-2014-11-06-at-14.28.05-600x333

I will never be able to understand how so many people can get away with their ignorant and immature actions because of lad culture. Throughout secondary school I have heard many jokes, threats and insults regarding rape, gender, race and sexual orientation yet I have never seen anything done about it when reported because “they’re just being lads“.

When I started college last year I expected most people to be at least somewhat mature and have respect for the people around them, unlike most of the boys that I spent secondary school with. While some of them did meet my expectations, many did not. Now because of lad culture, many people, especially boys, seem to refuse to grow up because they can so often excuse their immature actions with ‘banter’. Sexism is not banter. Homophobia is not banter. Racism is not banter. Harassment is not banter. Rape is not banter.

Do People in Limerick Really Care About Horses?

It’s no surprise that the mistreatment of horses has been an issue in Limerick for quite some time. It has been reported that Limerick city and council spend “more on dealing with the problem of stray horses than any other local authority” with €613,000 to be spent on seizing and destroying horses this year alone. That is the equivalent of spending €3.20 per person per year on horses. As you can imagine, if this much is being spent on horses, it is very common to see abused horses in everyday life.

In Limericks residential areas, horses are often left to die in the middle of housing estates after owners have “ridden them into the ground”. One man who lives in one of these housing estates explained how one horse was “tied up near a pylon on the green and just left to die. The crows have already started to peck at the poor animal”. He continued to say, “These fellas don’t care about the animals. Once they are finished with them, they just leave them to rot”. I see it myself every time I go into the city. Just the other week I was on my way home from college and a terrified horse was running alongside the bus. The entire bus erupted in laughter as the horse ran through traffic, not knowing where to go obviously having escaped from wherever it was being kept. The next day I was in that area and I saw the same horse dead on the side of the road. If you have no interest in looking after a horse properly, then don’t get one in the first place.

Of course, many people who own horses in Limerick city are doing so illegally as they must own a horse license and have the horse microchipped and many do not. Also if you own a horse, it must be accompanied at all times when outside of the house. However, they are usually left to wander around whatever housing estate they are in if they’re not already tied up in a random field, outside of the owner’s property. As well as this, “if your horse has been found wandering three times within a 12 month period, it can be seized and you will not get your animal back”. These laws seem to be rarely enforced in Limerick city. I have seen the Gardaí being called to scenes where horses have been neglected or have been wandering into other people’s houses and yet the most the owners get is a warning and very rarely is a horse taken away.

Many people who regularly see these horses being neglected and abused think that it is awful and it really is. One man said that this whole situation is, “very cruel and the guards and the council aren’t doing anything about it”. Willie O’Dea added, “This wanton cruelty towards helpless animals says a lot about the mentality of the people who do this”. While it’s great that the people of Limerick recognise this cruelty and look down upon it, they seem to greatly support it in other ways. Do people only care about how horses are treated when it’s in their housing estates? What about when it’s only down the road at the horse racing track? No one seems to have much of a problem with horses being abused then.

Horse racing has always been a very popular sport in Limerick, as you can see from this video from 1940, with its own racecourse now situated in Patrickswell that opened in 2001. More recently, this past month the 10th annual Student Race Day took place there. It always proves to be very popular with the official attendance this year being 13,821. I’m sure that most people who attended weren’t there for the actual racing. However, simply by attending, those thirteen-thousand people still supported and gave their money to this horrible ‘sport’.

In this €1 billion industry, thousands of horses are bred for racing. Yet only between 5% and 10% actually make it to the race track, no prizes for guessing what happens to the rest of them. Many Qatari companies and wealthy men have begun to buy even more land recently throughout Co. Limerick for the purpose of horse breeding, in places like Croom and Knocklong.

However, one of the bigger problems in Irish horse racing is the use of drugs. Horses are often given drugs to keep on racing when they shouldn’t be and they soon become addicted. In 2012, John Hughes (no, not the guy who made The Breakfast Club) was found in possession of “6kg of the powerful anabolic steroid Nitrotain” *. John Hughes was the state veterinary inspector and he was employed by the Department of Agriculture. He was employed between 2002 and 2012 and during that time he illegally imported 250kg of steroids. That’s enough for 62,000 doses. He is now only banned for five years.

John Hughes is not the only man that has been caught in the middle of a horse drugging scandal in Ireland. Sheikh Mohammad is the prime minister of the United Arab Emirates but he also owns two stud farms in Ireland, one in Co. Meath and one in Co. Kildare. In 2013, eleven of Sheikh Mohammad’s horses were found to have been pumped full of illegal steroids. The man who was found to have drugged these animals admitted to drugging four more horses and was banned for eight years. That is a very small price to pay for causing that amount of damage to that many animals.

Horse racing can be an acceptable sport but I could never support it the way it is now. Many people in other sports choose to take performance enhancing drugs themselves, however, horses do not have that choice and can be pumped full of them whether they like it or not. I’m fully aware that not everyone in Limerick treats horses badly or supports horse racing. I know that because I am one of them and so are the people at Limerick Animal Welfare who take care of many abandoned horses in Limerick. At Limerick Animal Welfare, just €3 can provide a bale of hay for an abandoned horse. If you are at all interested, you can donate here.